where breadfruit grows

Breadfruit has a wide range of adaptability to various environmental conditions within the tropics. It grows best in equatorial lowlands below 600-650 meters (1,969-2,133 feet) but is found at elevations up to 1,550 meters (5,085 feet). It flourishes between 21-32° C (70°-90° F) and may not yield well where the temperature exceeds 40° (104° F) for long periods of time or drops below 5° C (41° F). The latitudinal limits are approximately 17° N and S; maritime climates extend that range to the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. Optimum annual rainfall/irrigation is 1,500-3,000 millimeters (59-118 inches), but trees yield regularly on Pacific atolls that receive 1000 millimeters (39 inches) of rainfall. Breadfruit prefers deep, fertile, well-drained soils for a more aggressive growth, but many varieties have adapted to the shallow sandy soils of coral atolls in the Pacific. In Hawaii, breadfruit grows well on rocky, volcanic soils that drain readily.

Areas within the following countries are suitable for the cultivation of breadfruit based exclusively on temperature and rainfall. Many countries not listed are likely to have suitable environs for the cultivation of breadfruit with a reliable source of irrigation. Because of the previous limited access to large numbers of trees, research in every possible climate has yet to be conducted. The potential for cultivation of this useful plant in areas outside the typical range is quite high and more research is underway to test the limits of the plant relative to environmental conditions. Contact us with any questions on where breadfruit grows.

American Samoa
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Aruba
Australia

Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bonaire
Brazil
British Indian Ocean Territory
Brunei
Burkina Faso
Burundi

Cambodia
Cameroon
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Christmas Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo, The Democratic Republic
Cook Islands
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Rica

Cote D’Ivoire
Cuba
Curacao

Dominica
Dominican Republic

Eastern Timor (Timor-Leste)
Ecuador
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia

Fiji
French Guiana
French Polynesia

Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Glorioso Islands
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana

Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong

India
Indonesia

Jamaica
Japan
Jarvis Island

Kenya
Kiribati

Laos
Liberia

Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mexico
Micronesia, Federated States of
Midway Islands
Montserrat
Mozambique
Myanmar

Nauru
Navassa Island
Nepal
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands

Palau
Palmyra Atoll
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paracel Islands
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Pitcairn Islands
Portugal
Puerto Rico

Reunion
Rwanda

Saint Barthelemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Sint Maarten
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Spratly Islands
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland

Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tromelin Island
Tuvalu

Uganda

Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (British and US)

Wallis and Futuna

Zimbabwe
Zambia

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